Le orchid phalaenopsis they are among the most known and widespread species of plants in the world, which are characterized by a mix of elegant and refined colors. L'orchid phalaenopsis it has a shape similar to a butterfly, and for this reason it is also called "moth". Beautiful and elegant, the phalaenopsis is among the most cultivated indoor plants, as it adapts very well to all domestic environments. In this article we will provide all the useful tips for the cultivation and care of these fantastic orchids in pots.
Phalaenopsis orchids - characteristics
Phalaenopsis is one epiphytic plant or lithophyte, that is, it grows on rocks. These plants have large, fleshy, deep green leaves that can reach a maximum width of 10 cm and a length of 50 cm. The leaves are of vital importance for the phalaenopsis as they constitute the only organ of water storage, not possessing pseudo-bulbs. The phalaenopsis flower which opens on simple or branched stems, thin and rigid, it is characterized by its beautiful shades of white, yellow, pink, magenta and purple. The flowers, which can reach a diameter of 15 centimeters, are wide open and flat. It is a hermaphrodite flower which blooms at any time of the year, with a flowering time that lasts about 2 months. The roots are numerous, robust, branched and aerial, thanks to which the plant adheres perfectly to the branches or trunks of trees. However, it is advisable to proceed with extreme care and attention when transplanting the orchid, to prevent the roots of the plant from being damaged.
How to care for Phalaenopsis orchids at home
for phalaenopsis orchid care it is necessary to follow a series of precautions to avoid damaging them. For the uninitiated, the phalaenopsis orchid is a heat-loving plant. There ideal temperature it is between 24 ° (maximum) and 16 ° (minimum). However, they can tolerate higher temperatures if the right conditions are there ventilation, shading and humidity. They do not like drafts, nor direct exposure to the sun. However, the light it is essential for flowering. The ideal brightness is between 10.000 and 15.000 lux, i.e. a north-east or south-west exposure behind a window with a curtain that filters the sun's rays. L'humidity ideal is 70% which can be recreated at home using a saucer with expanded clay in which to place water that evaporates. The roots - constantly humid - they are vaporized with non-calcareous and demineralized water. The ideal time for watering it is in the morning to allow the leaves to dry until evening.
Diseases of orchids: what are they?
Phalaenopsis orchids can suffer from infestations of parasites. If you notice white or brown corpuscles that are easy to remove with your fingers, surely it will be cochineal. In reality the phalaenopsis can suffer the attack not only of the red spider and others mites, but also by phytophagous insects as the aphids. The secretions produced by parasites and insects left on the plant tissues of the plant can cause the development of fungal diseases. In particular, if you see a gray mold along the stems and leaves, then the fungal pathology called fumaggine. Other diseases that can affect phalaenopsis are the botrytis cinerea, the fusarium oxysporum, and the 'anthracnose also known as glomerella. Additionally, phalaenopsis can be attacked by bacteria e virus (mosaic virus e maculation virus). The transmission of viruses occurs mainly following the use of non-disinfected tools.
Potted orchid diseases - prevention and treatment
Le diseases of orchids can be caused by wrong cultivation techniques and from various environmental factors. Indeed, the lack of ventilation, A 'excessive humidity, the use of unsuitable substrates of non-disinfected instruments, are the triggers of various pathologies that can affect the phalaenopsis orchid. It is therefore good to apply good cultivation techniques and every suitable measure to prevent attacks not only of parasites, But also fungal diseases, bacteriosis e virosis. The objective, therefore, is to activate the endogenous defense mechanisms of the plants, in case of attack by pathogens, parasites, insects or if the plant suffers other forms of stress. This is possible through the administration of resistance inductors which are able to enhance the natural defense capabilities of plants against biotic and abiothioc stresses.
- resistance inductors are among the green products ideal for the protection of plants from pathogens, insects e harmful parasites. The use of these organic products is widespread in home gardening, as they are safe for the environment and for the user. In fact, a greater awareness of consumers towards eco-sustainable products and alternatives to classic phytosanitary products has grown.
Orchid Care - Doctor Bioges recommends:
How to grow Phalaenopsis orchids?
Although beautiful and varied in colors and species, it is not always easy grow orchids. Phalaenopis is fertilized every 7-10 days in spring using the fertilizer Orchis-Idea 30.5.5 : that is 30% nitrogen, 5% phosphorus and potassium. To promote a intense and uniform flowering in autumn a greater quantity of phosphorus is administered. Therefore it is recommended to apply the fertilizer Orchis-Idea 10.44.10 for a luxuriant flowering. At other times of the year, a more balanced fertilizer such ase Orchis-Idea 18.18.18. The fertilizer is diluted in irrigation water to the extent of 5 g per 1 liter.
Blooming phalaenopsis orchids - Tips for non-stop blooms
Phalaenopsis flowering occurs from December to April, although there are no general rules. In optimal conditions of light, humidity and temperature, phalaenopsis can give multiple and prolonged blooms over time. The lack of flowering of Phalaenopsis is not to be attributed to a fertilization error, but to theinsufficiency of light. To promote new phalaenopsis blooms, it is advisable to cut the stem above the last node as soon as i fiori they begin to wither. After that, it is advisable to administer a specific fertilizer for orchids, eg. Orchis-Idea 10.44.10 pto stimulate new flowering. It is also necessary, to stimulate the new flowering, to keep the plant at a constant night temperature of 13 ° for about two weeks.
Repotting phalaenopsis orchids: how and when?
- the roots are rotten and the plant is infested with parasites and molds
- the plant has grown a lot and the pot that houses it is too small
- the substrate decomposes and is too wet and sticky
Repotting is a delicate operation and is done with caution. Substrate or other residual material attached to the roots must be removed very carefully. Dead, damaged or diseased roots will need to be removed using sharp blades and disinfected with alcohol to avoid infections. Store the plant in a transparent vase with ready-made new soil. There are many materials of plant origin that can be used for repotting the orchid. In the garden shops you can buy the bark that is the substrate for orchids cheaper and used to repot these plants. To favor a total recovery from repotting it is recommended to administer Top Sinergy which is a fast-acting rooting that stimulates the formation of new root sketches, favoring the elongation of the existing one.
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